In The Sick Rose: Disease and the Art of Medical Illustration, Richard Barnett collects up the 19th-century examples of medical illustrations commissioned by physicians, surgeons, and anatomists who built collaborated with artists, craftsmen, and publishers in their production. A brief introductory article to the book, along with some great images, are online at Wired magazine.

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Gouache paintings of tumor patients commissioned in 1835 by the American physician Peter Parker, who opened a hospital in the Chinese city of Canton. The painter is Lam Qua. Image: D.A.P.

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Images of small pox. Image: Wired.com